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Province of Newfoundland and Labrador

Flag of Newfoundland and LabradorNewfoundland or "THE ROCK" is Canada’s most easterly province. It joined the Confederation of Canada as the last province in 1949. The province was officially called Newfoundland up till 2001 when the constitution of Canada was changed and the official name became Newfoundland and Labrador.

The Island of Newfoundland is located in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. The larger part of the province, Labrador, is on the eastern part of the Canadian mainland bordering Quebec to the west and a small part of Nunavut right at the northern tip of Labrador. Labrador is north of the island of Newfoundland, separated by the Strait of Belle Isle. This divides the province into two separate geographical areas.

Most Canadian's still refer to the province as Newfoundland and the main land part as Labrador. Have a closer look at our map

The Capital St. John's shares the same latitude as Paris, France, and Seattle, Washington.

Here are some quick facts:

  • Combined land area – 405,720km²
  • Island of Newfoundland land area – 111,390km²
  • Labrador land area – 294,330km²
  • Over 7,000 small islands
  • 29,000km of coast line
  • Capital – St. John's
  • Language – Mostly English (see below)
  • Population as of 2010 – 509,739

Icebergs floatingIf you compare the land mass of the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador to other places it is approximately the same size as Sweden, ten times the size of Switzerland, and about one and three quarter the size of Great Britain, the state of Texas is approximate. 1.7 times larger

Population wise, Sweden has about 18 x more people, Switzerland about 15 x , Great Britain about 121 x the population, and Texas about 50 x more. More statistics and information on the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador website.

Newfoundland & Labrador History

Very interesting, evidence in Port au Choix was found of Achaic Indians from about 8000 years ago. Then the Innu people inhabited the area from about 3000-4000 years ago, then the Inuit.

More recently the Vikings at L’Anse-Aux Meadows around 1000 A.D., in the 16th century the Basque whalers at Red Bay came for the Whale oil for the lamps in Europe.

John Cabot, or his real name: Giovanni Caboto, Italian, but sailing for the English Crown, landed in Newfoundland in the late 1497. Captain Cook followed and many more.

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Newfoundlanders lived off the sea for centuries, mainly the Cod fisheries - but that came to a screeching halt in 2003.

For more on the history of Newfoundland and Labrador read "History of Newfoundland and Labrador" or the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador website


Grosemore ParkThe official language is English, however, there are probably more varieties of English spoken in Newfoundland and Labrador than anywhere else in the world.

Newfoundlanders can be a bit hard to understand because old expressions are still used, little French and some of the Native languages like Innu-Aimun and Inuktitut are still spoken, while Beothuk and Mi’kmaq have disappeared. More on Newfoundland languages

There is actually a Dictionary of Newfoundland English. Check it out.

Newfoundland & Labrador Tourist Information

Newfoundland can be reached from North Sidney, Nova Scotia. by ferries either to Port-aux-Basque on the southwest coast, or to Argentia, close to St.John’s, or by ferry at the northern tip of the Island of Newfoundland to reach Labrador from St.Barbe to Blanc Sablon, and also by the Trans Labrador Highway from Quebec.

If you prefer to fly, there are also several airports, the main ones are St. John's International Airport and Gander International Airport. In Labrador the main one is Wabush Municipal.

For tourist information, hunting and fishing information, camping and more, check out the Newfoundland and labrador tourism website.

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