Province of New Brunswick
New Brunswick is one of the four provinces making up "Atlantic Canada" on the East Coast of Canada. Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador are the other three. See our map of New Brunswick and our map of Atlantic Canada.
A lot of people refer to the Atlantic provinces as the Martimes. However, Newfoundland and Labrador are not part of the Maritimes. New Brunswick is also the only officially bilingual - English and French - province.
New Brunswick was one of the four original province's to form Canada in 1867. The provinces history is very diverse. From the Amerindians of about 8000 years ago, the Mi’kmaq and the Maliseet, the Passamaquoddy, then later about 1000 years ago the Norse and Vikings explored the area at the same time than in Newfoundland.
The Frenchman Jacque Cartier came in 1534, then came the British Colonial era. More details of New Brunswick's history here
Here are some quick facts:
- Total land area – 71,450km²
- Population – 751,755
- Coast line – 2250km
- Capital – Fredericton
- Language – English and French (see below)
- Longest covered bridge in the world, in Hartland, NB – 390 meters
Populations wise, Sweden has 12.4 times more people. Switzerland 10.3 times, Great Britain 82.2 times and Texas 33.4 times more people.
Originally the territory included in today's New Brunswick was part of the province of Nova Scotia. From 1775 to 1783 during the American revolution came a large influx of Loyalist settlers. Agitation arose and a creation of a new province was soon under way.
On September 10, 1784, the partition took place and the name was chosen as a compliment to King George III (1760-1820) who was descended from the House of Brunswick.
From the Maritime provinces, New Brunswick is the least mentioned as a tourist destination. It is better known as a industrial place with pulp mills, Oil, Irving Industries, McCain, etc.....
Culturally it must be interesting with the mix of French and English and all the other ethnic backgrounds thrown in together. It is interesting that the French speaking residents of NB share few cultural roots with French speaking Québécois, because the New Brunswick French Arcadians came mostly from central and western France, while The Québécois came from Brittany and Normandy. More on New Brunswick history.
New Brunswick is the only province in Canada which is officially bilingual – English and French. If we take a closer look there are 64% speaking English and 32% speaking French. There are of course many other minorities of languages like Mi’kmac, Chinese, German, Dutch... just like all the other provinces in Canada
New Brunswick Tourist Information
Tourism New Brunswick has a great website and they have five great drives you can do. They are:
- River Valley Scenic Drive
- Fundy Coastal Drive
- Acadian Coastal Drive
- Miramichi River Route
- Appalachian Range Route
For more tourist information, hunting and fishing information, lobster festivals, camping and more, check out the New Brunswick Tourism website.